- What are the tipping customs in Tanzania?
- What immunizations do I need for Tanzania?
- What is the climate of Tanzania?
- Is Tanzania safe to visit?
Tanzania is a tropical country in East Africa on the Indian Ocean. It is more than twice the size of California with a 2016 population of 55 million.
Tanzania lies a few degrees south of the equator, enjoying a moderate tropical climate with seasons regulated by rainfall rather than temperature. The coast, including the largest city Dar es Salaam and the islands of Zanzibar, are hot and humid with cooling breezes off the Indian Ocean. Inland Tanzania, which includes all the safari areas and Mount Kilimanjaro, is on the African plateau with base elevations ranging from 600-1200m above sea level. This elevation moderates the heat so that days are warm and nights cool throughout the year.
Most regions of Tanzania experience two rainy seasons. The long rains last from mid-March through early June and the short rains from November through December. The long rains consist of regular periods of steady, soaking downpours and the short rains usually entail light morning or evening showers. Regional variations occur and even during the rainy seasons rarely a day goes by without some sunshine!
Tanzania’s tourism high seasons correspond with the dry seasons from mid-June though October and the Christmas holiday period into March.